Skip to main content

0800 917 1000 Open weekdays 8am-10pm, Saturday 10am-12pm

IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Deflection, denial and disbelief: social and political discourses about child sexual abuse and their influence on institutional responses A rapid evidence assessment

References

Alcoff, L. and Gray, L. (1993). Survivor Discourse: Transgression or Recuperation? Signs, 18 (2), pp.260–290.

Association of Chief Police Officers. (2005). Guidance on Investigating Child Abuse and Safeguarding Children. Bramshill: National Centre for Policing Excellence.

Ayre, P. and Barrett, D. (2000). Young people and prostitution: an end to the beginning? Children & Society, 14 (1), pp.48–59.

Barter, C. (2006). Discourses of blame: deconstructing (hetero)sexuality, peer sexual violence and residential children’s homes. Child & Family Social Work, 11 (4), pp.347–356.

Beckett, C. (2002). The witch-hunt metaphor (and accusations against residential care workers). British Journal of Social Work, 32 (5), pp.621–628.

Beckett, H., Brodie, I., Factor, F., Melrose, M., Pearce, J., Pitts, J., Shuker, L., and Warrington, C. It’s wrong-but you get used to it’: a qualitative study of gang-associated sexual violence towards, and exploitation of, young people in England. pp.1–54.

Berelowitz, S., Firmin, C., Edwards, G., and Gulyurtluet, S. (2012). I thought I was the only one. The only one in the world. London: Office of the Children’s Commissioner [Online]. Available at: https://www.childrenscommissioner.gov.uk/sites/default/files/publications/I thought I was the only one in the world.pdf.

Bingham, A., Delap, L., Jackson, L., and Settle, L. (2016). Historical child sexual abuse in England and Wales: the role of historians. History of Education, 45 (4, SI), pp.411–429.

Brogi, L. and Bagley, C. (1998). Abusing Victims: Detention of Child Sexual Abuse Victims in Secure Accommodation. Child Abuse Review, 7 (5), pp.315–329.

Butler-Sloss, E. (1988). Report of the Inquiry into Child Abuse in Cleveland 1987. London: HMSO.

Campbell, B. (1988). Unofficial Secrets: Child Sexual Abuse, the Cleveland Case. London: Virago.

Campbell, B. (2015). After neoliberalism: the need for a gender revolution. In: Hall, S., Massey, D. and Rustin, M. (Eds). After neo-liberalism: The Kilburn Manifesto. London: Laurence & Wishart. pp.69–84.

Carlsson, N. (2009). A time of telling: women working through sexual abuse. University of Gotheburg, Faculty of Social Sciences.

Child Protection in Sport Unit. (2005). Standards for Safeguarding and Protecting Children in Sport. Leicester: Child Protection in Sport Unit.

Clapton, G., Cree, V. E. and Smith, M. (2013). Moral panics and social work: Towards a sceptical view of UK child protection. Critical Social Policy, 33 (2), pp.197–217.

Cockbain, E. (2013). Grooming and the ‘Asian sex gang predator’: the construction of a racial crime threat. Race & Class, 54 (4), pp.22–32.

Colton, M. (2002). Factors associated with abuse in residential child care institutions. Children & Society, 16 (1), pp.33–44.

Cowburn, M. and Dominelli, L. (2001). Masking hegemonic masculinity: reconstructing the paedophile as the dangerous stranger. British Journal of Social Work, 31 (3), pp.399–415.

Coy, M. (2009). ‘Moved around like bags of rubbish nobody wants’: how multiple placement moves can make young women vulnerable to sexual exploitation. Child Abuse Review, 18 (4), pp.254–266.

Cream, J. (1993). Child sexual abuse and the symbolic geographies of Cleveland. Environment and Planning D-Society & Space, 11 (2), pp.231–246.

Critcher, C. (2002). Media, Government and Moral Panic: the politics of paedophilia in Britain 2000–1. Journalism Studies, 3 (4), pp.521–535.

Dale, K. A. and Alpert, J. L. (2007). Hiding behind the cloth: child sexual abuse and the Catholic Church. Journal of child sexual abuse, 16 (3), pp.59–74.

Davidson, J. (2008). Child sexual abuse: media representations and government reactions. Abingdon: Routledge Cavendish.

Death, J. (2015). Bad Apples, Bad Barrel: Exploring Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse by Catholic Clergy in Australia. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4 (2), pp.94-110.

Dominelli, L. (1989). Betrayal of trust: a feminist analysis of power relationship in incest abuse and its relevance for social work practice. British Journal of Social Work, 19 (4), pp.291–307.

Edwards, S. S. M. (2000). Prosecuting ‘child pornography’: Possession and taking of indecent photographs of children. Journal of Social Welfare & Family Law, 22 (1), pp.1–21.

Eisenberg, N., Owens, R. and Dewey, M. (1987). Attitudes of health-professionals to child sexual abuse and incest. Child Abuse and Neglect, 11 (1), pp.109–116.

Ennew, J. (1986). The Sexual Exploitation of Children. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Exton, L. and Kamaljit, T. (2013). Would they actually have believed me? A focus group exploration of the underreporting of crimes by Jimmy Savile. London: NSPCC.

Farmer, E. and Pollock, S. (2003). Managing sexually abused and/or abusing children in substitute care. Child and Family Social Work, 8 (2), pp.101–112.

Fox Harding, L. M. (1991). The Children Act 1989 in Context: Four perspectives in Child Care Law and Policy (I). Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 13 (3), pp.179–193.

Frameworks Institute. (2016). Communicating About Child Sexual Abuse: A FrameWorks Strategic Memo for the NSPCC. Washington: Frameworks Institute.

Furedi, F. (2013). Moral crusades in an age of mistrust: the Jimmy Savile scandal, Palgrave pivot. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gallagher, B. (2000). The extent and nature of known cases of institutional child sexual abuse. British Journal of Social Work, 30 (6), pp.795–817.

Gill, A. K. and Harrison, K. (2015). Child Grooming and Sexual Exploitation: Are South Asian Men the UK Media’s New Folk Devils? International Journal for Crime Justice and Social Democracy, 4 (2), pp.34–49.

Gillespie, A. and Ost, S. (2016). The ‘higher’ age of consent and the concept of sexual exploitation.In: Reed, A. et al. (Eds). Consent: domestic and comparative perspectives. London: Routledge. pp.161–176.

Gilligan, P. (2012). Contrasting Narratives on Responses to Victims and Survivors of Clerical Abuse in England and Wales: Challenges to Catholic Church Discourse. Child Abuse Review, 21 (6), pp.414–426.

Gohir, S. (2013). Unheard Voices: The Sexual Exploitation of Asian Girls and Young Women.

Gray, D. and Watt, P. (2013). ‘Giving Victims a Voice’ A joint MPS and NSPCC report into allegations of sexual abuse made against Jimmy Savile under Operation Yewtree. [Online]. Available at: https://www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/research-reports/yewtree-report-giving-victims-voice-jimmy-savile.pdf.

Green, L. (2005). Theorizing sexuality, sexual abuse and residential children’s homes: Adding gender to the equation. British journal of social work, 35 (4), pp.453–481.

Green, L. and Masson, H. (2002). Adolescents who sexually abuse and residential accommodation: Issues of risk and vulnerability. British Journal of Social Work, 32 (2), pp.149–168.

Hackett, S., Masson, H., Balfe, M., and Phillips, J. (2015). Community Reactions to Young People Who Have Sexually Abused and Their Families: A Shotgun Blast, Not a Rifle Shot. Children & Society, 29 (4), pp.243–254.

Hall, S. (1997). Representation: cultural representations and signifying practices. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Hartill, M. (2013). Concealment of Child Sexual Abuse in Sports. Quest, 65 (2), pp.241–25.

Herman, J. and Hirschman, L. (1977). Father-Daughter Incest. Signs, 2 (4), pp.735–756.

HM Government. (2004). Every Child Matters: Change for Children. London: Department for Education and Skills.

HM Government. (2015b). Working Together to Safeguard Children: A Guide to Inter-Agency Working to Safeguard and Promote the Welfare of Children. London: Department for Education.

Hooper, C. and Humphreys, C. (1998). Women whose children have been sexually abused: Reflections on a debate. British Journal of Social Work, 28 (4), pp.565–580.

Horsman, G. (2016). Digital forensics: Understanding the development of criminal law in England and Wales on images depicting child sexual abuse. Computer Law & Security Review, 32 (3), pp.419–432.

House of Bishops. (2011). Responding Well to those who have been sexually abused: Policy and guidance for the Church of England. London: Church House.

Hunter, S. V. (2010). Evolving narratives about childhood sexual abuse: Challenging the dominance of the victim and survivor paradigm. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 31 (2), pp.176–190.

Jay, A. (2014). The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Rotherham, 1997-2013. Rotherham: Rotherham Borough Council.

Jewkes, Y. (2010). Much ado about nothing? Representations and realities of online soliciting of children. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16 (1, SI), pp.5–18.

Jewkes, Y. and Wykes, M. (2012). Reconstructing the sexual abuse of children: `cyber-paeds’, panic and power. Sexualities, 15 (8), pp.934–952.

Kelly, L. (1988). Surviving sexual violence. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Kelly, L., Regan, L. and Burton, S. (2000). Sexual exploitation: a new discovery or one part of the continuum of sexual abuse in childhood? In: Home truths about child sexual abuse: influencing policy and practice; a reader. London: Routledge. pp.70–99.

Kempe, C. H. (1978). Sexual abuse, another hidden pediatric problem: the 1977 C. Anderson Aldrich lecture. Pediatrics, 62 (3), pp.382–389.

Kitzinger, J. (2004). Framing abuse: media influence and public understanding of sexual violence against children. London: Pluto Press.

Li, C. K. (1991). The main thing is being wanted: some case studies on adult sexual experiences with children. Journal of Homosexuality, 20 (1/2), pp.129–143.

Lukianowicz, N. (1972). Incest. British Journal of Psychiatry, 120 (556), p.301.

MacLeod, M. and Saraga, E. (1988). Challenging the Orthodoxy: Towards a Feminist Theory and Practice. Feminist Review, (28), pp.16–55.

Malón, A. (2012). Pedophilia: a diagnosis in search of a disorder. Archives of sexual behavior, 41 (5), pp.1083–1097.

McAlinden, A.-M. (2006). ‘Setting ’Em Up’: Personal, Familial and Institutional Grooming in the Sexual Abuse of Children. Social & Legal Studies, 15 (3), pp.339–362.

McManus, M. A. and Almond, L. (2014). Trends of indecent images of children and child sexual offences between 2005/2006 and 2012/2013 within the United Kingdom. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 20 (2), pp.142–155.

McNaughton Nicholls, C., Harvey, S. and Paskell, C. (2014). Gendered perceptions: what professionals say about the sexual exploitation of boys and young men in the UK. Barkingside: Barnardo’s. 

Melrose, M. (2004). Young people abused through prostitution: some observations for practice. Practice: Social Work in Action, 16 (1), pp.17–29.

Naples, N. A. (2003). Deconstructing and Locating Survivor Discourse: Dynamics of Narrative, Empowerment, and Resistance for Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Signs, 28 (4), pp.1151–1185.

Nava, M. (1988). Cleveland and the Press: Outrage and Anxiety in the Reporting of Child Sexual Abuse. Feminist Review, (28), pp.103–121.

Nelson, S. (2016). Tackling child sexual abuse: radical approaches to prevention, protection and support. Bristol: Policy Press.

O’Dell, L. (2003). The ‘harm’ story in childhood sexual abuse: contested understandings, disputed knowledges. In: Reavey, P. and Warner, S. (Eds). New Feminist Stories of Child Sexual Abuse: Sexual Scripts and Dangerous Dialogues. London: Routledge. pp.131–147.

Olafson, E., Corwin, D. L. and Summit, R. C. (1993). Modern history of child sexual abuse awareness: cycles of discovery and suppression. Child abuse & neglect, 17 (1), pp.7–24.

Parton, N. (2016). The Contemporary Politics of Child Protection: Part Two (the BASPCAN Founder’s Lecture 2015). Child Abuse Review, 25 (1), pp.9–16.

Pearce, J. (2013). A social model of ‘abused consent’. In: Melrose, M. and Pearce, J. (Eds). Critical Perspectives on Child Sexual Exploitation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp.52–68.

Pearce, J. (2014). Moving on with Munro: Child sexual exploitation within a child protection framework. In: Blyth, M. (Ed). Moving on from Munro: Improving Children’s Services. Bristol: Policy Press. pp.125–141.

Reisel, A. (2016). Practitioners’ perceptions and decision‐making regarding child sexual exploitation – a qualitative vignette study. Child & Family Social Work (December).

Robinson, L. (2011). Gay Men and the Left in Post-War Britain: How the Personal got Political. Reprint. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Salter, M. (2018). Child sexual abuse. In: DeKeseredy, W. and Dragiewicz, M. (Eds). Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology. Second edition. London and New York: Routledge. pp.316–333

Scott, S. (1997). Feminists and false memories: A case of postmodern amnesia. Feminism & Psychology, 7 (1), pp.33–38.

Scott, S. (2001a). Surviving selves: Feminism and contemporary discourses of child sexual abuse. Feminist Theory, 2 (3), pp.349–361.

Smart, C. (1999). A history of ambivalence and conflict in the discursive construction of the `child victim’ of sexual abuse. Social & Legal Studies, 8 (3), pp.391–409.

Smith, C., Allardyce, S., Hackett, S., Bradbury-Jones, C., Lazenbatt, A., and Taylor, J. (2014). Practice and policy in the UK with children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviours: An analysis and critical review. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 20 (3), pp.267–280.

Stanley, N. (1999). The institutional abuse of children: an overview of policy and practice. In: Manthorpe, J., Penhale, B. and Stanley, N. (Eds). Institutional Abuse: Perspectives Across the Life Course. London: Routledge. pp.16–43.

Sullivan, J. and Beech, A. (2002). Professional perpetrators: sex offenders who use their employment to target and sexually abuse the children with whom they work. Child Abuse Review, 11 (3), pp.153–167.

Taylor, M. and Quayle, E. (2003). Child Pornography: An Internet Crime. Hove: Brunner-Routledge.

Taylor-Browne, J. (1997a). Obfuscating Child Sexual Abuse I: The Identification of Social Problems. Child Abuse Review, 6 (1), pp.4–10.

Temkin, J. (2002). Rape and the Legal Process. Second. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thorstad, D. (1991). Man/boy love and the American gay movement. Journal of Homosexuality, 20 (1–2), pp.251–274.

Timmerman, M. C. and Schreuder, P. R. (2014). Sexual abuse of children and youth in residential care: An international review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19 (6), pp.715–720.

Tufail, W. (2015). Rotherham, Rochdale, and the Racialised Threat of the 'Muslim Grooming Gang’. International Journal for Crime Justice and Social Democracy, 4 (3), pp.30–43.

Ward, J. and Patel, N. (2006). Broadening the discussion on ‘sexual exploitation’: ethnicity, sexual exploitation and young people. Child Abuse Review, 15 (5), pp.341–350.

Ward, T. and Keenan, T. (1999). Child Molesters’ Implicit Theories. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14 (8), pp.821–838.

Waterhouse, R. (2000). Lost in Care: Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the abuse of children in care in the former county council areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974. London: TSO.

Webster, R. (2005). The secret of Bryn Estyn: the making of a modern witch hunt. Oxford: Orwell Press.

West, D. (1981). Adult sexual interest in children: implications for social control. In: Cook, M. and Howells, K. (Eds). Adult sexual interest in children. London: Academic Press. pp.251–270.

Whittier, N. (2009). The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotion, Social Movements, and the State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williams, M. L. and Hudson, K. (2013). Public perceptions of internet, familial and localised sexual grooming: Predicting perceived prevalence and safety. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 19 (2), pp.218–235.

Wyre, R. (2000). Paedophile characteristics and patterns of behaviour: developing and using a typology. In: Itzin, C. (Ed). Home truths about child sexual abuse: influencing policy and practice; a reader. London: Routledge. pp.49–69.

Back to top