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IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Anglican Church Case Studies: Chichester/Peter Ball Investigation Report

Annex 1: Overview of process and evidence obtained by the Inquiry

Overview of process and evidence obtained by the Inquiry

1. Definition of Scope for the case studies

3. As case studies, the Inquiry will investigate:

3.1. the Diocese of Chichester and, in particular, consider:

a) the nature and extent of child sexual abuse by individuals associated with the Diocese;

b) the nature and extent of any failures of the Church of England, the Diocese, law enforcement agencies, prosecuting authorities, and/or other public authorities or statutory agencies to protect children from such abuse;

c) the adequacy of the response of the Church of England, including through the Diocese of Chichester, and the response of any other relevant institutions to allegations of child sexual abuse by individuals associated with the Diocese;

d) the extent to which the Church of England, including through the Diocese of Chichester, sought to investigate, learn lessons, implement changes and provide support and reparations to victims and survivors, in response to:

i) allegations of child sexual abuse by individuals associated with the Diocese;

ii) criminal investigations and prosecutions and/or civil litigation relating to child sexual abuse by individuals associated with the Diocese;

iii) investigations, reviews or inquiries into child sexual abuse within the Diocese, including, but not limited to, the Carmi report; the Meekings report; the Butler­-Sloss report; and the Archepiscopal visitation;

iv) complaints made under the Clergy Disciplinary Measure; and/or

v) other internal or external reviews or guidance.


3.2. the sexual offending by former Bishop of Lewes and subsequently Bishop of Gloucester, Peter Ball, including the extent to which the Church of England, law enforcement agencies, prosecuting authorities, and/or any other institutions, bodies or persons of public prominence failed to respond appropriately to allegations of child sexual abuse by Peter Ball.

2. Counsel to this investigation

Fiona Scolding QC

Nikita McNeill

Lara McCaffrey

Ben Fullbrook

Olinga Tahzib

3. Core participants and legal representatives

Complainant core participants:

Mr Philip Johnson, Professor Julie MacFarlane, Reverend Graham Sawyer, AN-A1, AN-A2, AN-A3, AN-A5, AN-A117
Counsel William Chapman (Peter Ball Case Study)
Solicitor David Greenwood (Switalskis Solicitors)
AN-A7, AN-A8, AN-A9, AN-A10, AN-A11, AN-A13, AN-A14, AN-A15, AN-A16, AN-A17, AN-A87, AN-A114

Laura Hoyano (Chichester Case Study)

Iain O’Donnell (Peter Ball Case Study)

Solicitor Richard Scorer (Slater + Gordon Lawyers)

Institutional and other core participants: 

The Archbishops’ Council
Counsel Nigel Giffin QC, Madeleine Reardon, Tim Johnstone
Solicitor Peter Frost and Nusrat Zar (Herbert Smith Freehills LLP)
Minister and Clergy Sexual Abuse Survivors organisation (MACSAS)
Counsel William Chapman (Peter Ball Case Study)
Solicitor David Greenwood (Switalskis Solicitors)
Archbishop George Carey, Bishop John Hind and Mrs Janet Hind
Counsel Charles Bourne QC
Solicitor Susan Kelly (Winckworth Sherwood LLP)
The Ecclesiastical Insurance Office
Counsel Rory Phillips QC
Solicitor Peter Jones (Eversheds Sutherland LLP)
Chief Constable of Sussex Police
Counsel Ashley Underwood QC, Judi Kemish
Solicitor Gareth Jones (East Sussex County Council)
Gloucestershire Constabulary
Counsel Gerry Boyle QC, Aaron Rathmell
Solicitor Michael Griffiths (Gloucestershire Constabulary)
Northamptonshire Police
Counsel Samantha Leek QC
Solicitor Craig Sutherland (East Midlands Police Legal Services)
Peter Ball
Counsel Richard Smith QC, Sam Jones
Solicitor James Mumford (Amicus Law)
Secretary of State for Education
Counsel Cathryn McGahey QC
Solicitor William Barclay (Government Legal Department)
Crown Prosecution Service
Counsel Edward Brown QC
Solicitor Alastair Tidball (Government Legal Department)

4. Evidence received by the Inquiry

Number of witness statements obtained:
Statements sought from 138 different individuals, multiple statements were received from some witnesses
Organisations and individuals to which requests for documentation or witness statements were sent:
AN‐A1, complainant witness
AN‐A2, complainant witness
AN‐A3, complainant witness
AN‐A4, complainant witness
AN‐A5, complainant witness
AN‐A7, complainant witness
AN‐A8, complainant witness
AN‐A9, complainant witness
AN‐A10, complainant witness
AN‐A11, complainant witness
AN‐A12, complainant witness
AN‐A13, complainant witness
AN‐A14, complainant witness
AN‐A15, complainant witness
AN‐A16, complainant witness
AN‐A17, complainant witness
AN‐A18, complainant witness
AN‐A19, complainant witness
AN‐A87, complainant witness
AN‐A92, complainant witness
AN‐A96, complainant witness
AN‐A109, complainant witness
AN‐A111, complainant witness
AN‐A112, complainant witness
AN‐A113, complainant witness
AN‐A114, complainant witness
Adele Downey, Disclosure and Barring Service
Adrian Iles, barrister employed by Legal Office of the Church of England Alana Lawrence on behalf of MACSAS
Albert Pacey, former Chief Constable of Gloucestershire Constabulary
Lady Alice Renton, wife of the Right Honorable Timothy Renton former Member of Parliament
Alistair MacGowan, Suffragan Bishop of Ludlow
Andrew Nunn, Correspondence Secretary to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Andrew Purkis, Archbishop of Canterbury’s Secretary for Public Affairs
Angela Sibson, Chichester Diocesan Secretary
Anne McIver, West Sussex County Council
Anthony Lloyd, Lord Lloyd of Berwick former Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
Anthony Priddis, Honorary Assistant Bishop and former Chair of the Church’s Central Safeguarding Liaison Group
Carwyn Hughes, Detective Chief Superintendent of Sussex Police
Chris Peak, Diocesan Registrar of the Diocese of Gloucester
Chris Smith, Chief of Staff to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Christopher Rowland, former Dean of Jesus College Cambridge
Colin Fletcher, Area Bishop of Dorchester, Diocese of Oxford and Domestic Chaplain to George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury
Colin Perkins, Chichester Diocesan Safeguarding Adviser
David Bentley, former Bishop of Gloucester
David Bonehill, UK Claims Director for the Ecclesiastical Insurance Office
David Charman, Detective Constable Northamptonshire Police
David Jeffries, Chair of Governors at Bishop Bell School
David Walker, Bishop of Manchester and Chair of the Advisory Council on the Relations of Bishops and Religious Communities
Dominic Oliver, headmaster of Lancing College
Duncan Lloyd James, Reverend and Rector of Brede with Udimore
Edina Carmi, author of report into the Chichester Diocese
Edmund Hick, former Detective Sergeant of Sussex Police
Elizabeth Butler‐Sloss, retired Lady Justice of Appeal and author of report into the Chichester Diocese
Elizabeth Hall, former National Safeguarding Adviser
Fiona Gardner, Safeguarding Adviser for the Diocese of Bath and Wells
Frank Sergeant, Bishop at Lambeth and Chief of Staff to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Gemma Marks‐Good (nee Wordsworth), Independent Domestic and Sexual Violence Adviser
George Carey, Lord Carey of Clifton, former Archbishop of Canterbury
Graham James, Bishop of Norwich and former Suffragan Bishop of St Germans
Graham Sawyer, Reverend and complainant witness
Graham Tilby, National Safeguarding Adviser to the Church of England
Gregor McGill, Director of Legal Services for the Crown Prosecution Service
Hannah Foster, Director of Human Resources at the Church of England
Harvey Grenville, Head of Investigations and Enforcement at the Charity Commission
Helen Humphrey, OFSTED
Hugh Ellis, Reverend and former Team Rector, Langport Area Ministry Team, Diocese of Bath and Wells
Ian Beer, former headmaster of Lancing College
Ian Gibson, former Episcopal Vicar for Ministry and Senior Chaplain to Bishop John Hind
Ian Johnson, Reverend and team rector of Southampton City Centre, Diocese of Winchester
Ian Sandbrook, author of report into Chichester
James Woodhouse, former headmaster of Rugby School and Lancing College
Janet Hind, former Chichester Diocesan Child Protection Adviser and former National Child Protection Adviser to the Church of England
Jarwant Kaur Narwal, Chief Crown Prosecutor for the South East Jeremy Walsh, former Suffragan Bishop of Tewkesbury
John Alpass, retired civil servant and author of a ‘Narrative of Events’ in connection with the independent review chaired by Dame Moira Gibb
John Booth, Chichester Diocesan Board of Finance
John Gladwin, Bishop of Chelmsford and Commissary for the Archiepiscopal Visitation of the Diocese of Chichester
John Hind, former Bishop of Chichester
John Inge, Bishop of Worcester
John Rees, Provincial Registrar to the Archbishop of Canterbury, Registrar of the Clergy Discipline Tribunals for the Province of Canterbury and Vice‐Chair of the Legal Advisory
Commission of the Church of England
Jonathan Greener, Dean of Exeter Cathedral, Diocese of Exeter Julian Hubbard, Director of Ministry in the Archbishops’ Council Julie Macfarlane, complainant witness
June Rodgers, Chancellor of the Diocese of Gloucester
Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury
Kate Dixon, Department for Education
Kate Richards, Independent Schools Inspectorate
Kate Wood, Independent Safeguarding Consultant at Lambeth Palace and former acting Safeguarding Consultant with the Diocese of Chichester
Keith Akerman, Chair of Diocesan Safeguarding Advisory Group
Laurence Taylor, Assistant Chief Constable of Sussex Police
Lesley Perry, Reverend and former Press Secretary for the Archbishop of Canterbury
Lindsay Urwin, former Area Bishop of Horsham
Malcolm Dodd, former Chichester Diocesan Youth Officer
Mark Sowerby, Suffragan Bishop of Horsham
Martin Warner, Bishop of Chichester
Mary Briggs, Chair of Governors at St Mary’s Special School
Michael and Christine Moss, former employees of the Bishop of Gloucester
Michael Angell, Church Operations Director at the Ecclesiastical Insurance Office
Michael Ball, former Bishop of Bath and Wells
Moira Gibb, Dame, author of Church review into Peter Ball
Nicholas Reade, former Bishop of Blackburn
Nick Flint, Reverend and rector of Rusper
Nigel Philip Godfrey, Dean of St German’s Cathedral, Diocese of Sodor and Man and former Vicar of Christ Church, Brixton, Diocese of Southwark
Pearl Luxon, Reverend and Joint National Safeguarding Adviser for the Church of England and the Methodist Church
Peter Atkinson, Dean of Worcester and former Canon and Chancellor of Chichester Cathedral Peter Ball, former Suffragan Bishop of Lewes and Bishop of Gloucester
Peter Hancock, Bishop of Bath and Wells and Lead Bishop for Safeguarding
Peter Price, former Bishop of Bath and Wells
Philip Johnson, complainant witness
Philip Jones, former Archdeacon of Lewes and Hastings
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales
Rachel Swann, Deputy Chief Constable Northamptonshire Police
Richard Llewellin, former Bishop at Lambeth and Chief of Staff to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Richard Morgan, former Warden of Radley College
Roger Meekings, Past Cases reviewer and author of report into the Chichester Diocese
Rosalind Hunt, Reverend and former Chaplain of Jesus College Cambridge
Rowan Williams, Baron Williams of Oystermouth and former Archbishop of Canterbury
Rupert Bursell QC, Diocesan Chancellor and Vicar General of the Diocese of Durham and Commissary for the Archepiscopal Visitation of the Diocese of Chichester
Shirley Hosgood, former Diocesan Safeguarding Adviser for Chichester
Simon Drew, former Senior Crown Prosecutor, South East Complex Casework Unit
Sir Roger Singleton, Adviser to the National Safeguarding Panel
Stephen Cullen, Assistant Chief Constable of Avon and Somerset Police
Stephen Eldridge, Reverend and Chaplain to Peter Ball
Stephen Lynas, Prebendary and former Senior Chaplain and Adviser to the Bishops of Bath and Wells and Taunton, Diocese of Bath and Wells
Stephen Porter, Detective Chief Superintendent Gloucestershire Constabulary
Stephen Slack, Head of the Legal Office at the Church of England
Stephen Waine, Reverend and Chair of Governors at The Prebendal School
Stuart Gallimore, East Sussex County Council
The family of Neil Todd
Tim Carter, Connexional Safeguarding Adviser for the Methodist Church
Tim Thompson, former Senior District Crown Prosecutor
Timothy Royle, Member of the General Synod of the Church of England
Wallace Benn, former Suffragan Bishop of Lewes
Wayne Murdock, former Detective Inspector Gloucestershire Constabulary
William Nye, Secretary General of the Archbishops’ Council and General Synod

5. Disclosure of documents

Total number of pages disclosed: 73,179

6. Public hearings including preliminary hearings

Preliminary Hearings
1 16 March 2016
2 27 July 2016
3 4 October 2017
4 30 January 2018
5 6 June 2018
Public Hearings
Chichester Case Study 5–23 March 2018
Peter Ball Case Study 23–27 July 2018

7. List of witnesses

Chichester Case Study hearing

Surname Forename Title Called, read or adduced Hearing date
AN‐A15     Called 6 March 2018
Johnson Philip Mr Called 6 March 2018
Hosgood Shirley Mrs Called 6 March 2018
Hind John Bishop Called 7 March 2018
Jones Philip Archdeacon Called 7 March 2018
Lawrence Alana Ms Called 8 March 2018
Meekings Roger Mr Called 8 March 2018
Gibson Ian Canon Called 8 March 2018
Wood Kate Mrs Read 8 & 13 March 2018
Sibson Angela Ms Called 9 March 2018
Hind Janet Mrs Called 9 March 2018
Hick Edmund Detective Sergeant Called
(via video link)
9 March 2018
Benn Wallace Bishop Called 12 March 2018
MacFarlane Julie Professor Called 13 March 2018
Bursell QC Rupert Dr Called 13 March 2018
Sowerby Mark Bishop Called 13 March 2018
Butler‐Sloss Elizabeth Lady Read 14 March 2018
Warner Martin Bishop Called 14 March 2018
Williams Rowan Baron Called 14 March 2018
Perkins Colin Mr Called 15 & 16 March 2018
Reade Nicholas Bishop Called 15 March 2018
AN‐A17       23 March 2018
Carey George Lord Read 16 March 2018
Iles Adrian Mr Called 16 March 2018
Tilby Graham Mr Called 16 March 2018
Singleton Roger Sir Called 16 March 2018
AN‐A8     Called 19 March 2018
AN‐A7     Called 19 March 2018
Walker David Bishop Called 19 March 2018
AN‐A11     Called 20 March 2018
Carmi Edina Ms Called 20 March 2018
Atkinson Peter Dean Called 20 March 2018
Hall Elizabeth Mrs Called 20 & 21 March 2018
Welby Justin Archbishop Called 21 March 2018
Hancock Peter Bishop Called 21 March 2018
Humphrey Helen Ms Adduced 22 March 2018
Richards Kate Ms Adduced 22 March 2018
Luxon Pearl Reverend Adduced 22 March 2018
Akerman Keith Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
Taylor Laurence Assistant Chief Constable Adduced 22 March 2018
Smith Chris Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
Nunn Andrew Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
Marks‐Goode Gemma Mrs Adduced 22 March 2018
Grenville Harvey Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
Booth John Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
Ball Peter Bishop Adduced 22 March 2018
Gallimore Stuart Mr Adduced 22 March 2018
MacIver Annie Ms Adduced 22 March 2018
Gladwin John Bishop Adduced 22 March 2018
Kaur Narwal Jarwant Ms Adduced 22 March 2018

7. List of witnesses

Peter Ball Case Study hearing

Surname Forename Title Called, read or adduced Hearing date
AN‐A117     Called 23 July 2018
AN‐A10     Called 23 July 2018
Sawyer Graham Reverend Called 23 July 2018
Carey George Lord Called 24 July 2018
Purkis Andrew Dr Called 24 July 2018
Murdock Wayne DI Called 25 July 2018
Renton Alice Lady Read 25 July 2018
Hunt Rosalind Reverend Doctor Called 25 July 2018
Hughes Carwyn Det. Supt. Called 25 July 2018
Beer Ian Mr Read 25 July 2018
McGill Gregor Mr Called 26 July 2018
Nunn Andrew Mr Called 26 July 2018
Sargeant Frank Bishop Called 26 July 2018
Wood Kate Mrs Called 27 July 2018
The Prince of Wales   His Royal Highness Read 27 July 2018
Lloyd Anthony Lord Called 27 July 2018
Gibb Moira Dame Called 27 July 2018

8. Restriction Orders

On 23 March 2018, the Chair issued an updated restriction order under section 19(2)(b) of the Inquiries Act 2005, granting general anonymity to all core participants who allege they are the victim and survivor of sexual offences (referred to as ‘complainant CPs’). The order prohibited (i) the disclosure or publication of any information that identifies, names or gives the address of a complainant who is a core participant; and (ii) the disclosure or publication of any still or moving image of a complainant CP. The order meant that any complainant CP within this investigation was granted anonymity, unless they did not wish to remain anonymous. That order was amended on 23 March 2018 but only to vary the circumstances in which a complainant CP may themselves disclose their own CP status.[1]

9. Broadcasting

The Chair directed that the proceedings would be broadcast, as has occurred in respect of public hearings in other investigations. For anonymous witnesses, all that was ‘live streamed’ was the audio sound of their voice.

10. Redactions and ciphering

The material obtained for this Case Study was redacted, and where appropriate, ciphers applied, in accordance with the Inquiry’s Protocol on the Redaction of Documents (the Protocol).[2] This meant that (in accordance with Annex A of the Protocol), for example, absent specific consent to the contrary, the identities of complainants and victims and survivors of child sexual abuse and other children have been redacted; and if the Inquiry considered that their identity appeared to be sufficiently relevant to the investigation a cipher was applied.

Pursuant to the Protocol, the identities of individuals convicted of child sexual abuse (including those who have accepted a police caution for offences related to child sexual abuse) will not generally be redacted unless the naming of the individual would risk the identification of their victim in which case a cipher would be applied.

The Protocol also addresses the position in respect of individuals accused, but
not convicted, of child sexual or other physical abuse against a child, and provides that their identities should be redacted and a cipher applied. However, where the allegations against an individual are so widely known that redaction would serve no meaningful purpose (for example where the individual’s name has been published in the regulated media in connection with allegations of abuse), the Protocol provides that the Inquiry may decide not to redact their identity.

Finally, the Protocol recognises that while the Inquiry will not distinguish as a matter of course between individuals who are known or believed to be deceased and those that are, or are believed to be, alive, the Inquiry may take the fact that an individual is deceased into account when considering whether or not to apply redactions in a particular instance.

The Protocol anticipates that it may be necessary for Core Participants to be aware of the identity of individuals whose identity has been redacted and in respect of whom a cipher has been applied, if the same is relevant to their interest in the Case Study. Accordingly, the Inquiry varied the Restriction Order and circulated to certain Core Participants a key to some of the ciphers.

11. Warning letters

Rule 13 of the Inquiry Rules 2006 provides:

“(1) The chairman may send a warning letter to any person –

a. he considers may be, or who has been, subject to criticism in the inquiry proceedings; or
b. about whom criticism may be inferred from evidence that has been given during the inquiry proceedings; or
c. who may be subject to criticism in the report, or any interim report.

(2) The recipient of a warning letter may disclose it to his recognised legal representative.

(3) The inquiry panel must not include any explicit or significant criticism of a person in the report, or in any interim report, unless –

a. the chairman has sent that person a warning letter; and
b. the person has been given a reasonable opportunity to respond to the warning letter.”

In accordance with rule 13, warning letters were sent as appropriate to those who were covered by the provisions of rule 13 and the Chair and Panel considered the responses to those letters before finalising the report.

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