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IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Institutional responses to allegations of child sexual abuse involving the late Lord Janner of Braunstone QC Investigation Report

A.1: The background to the investigation

1. This investigation was concerned with the institutional response to allegations of child sexual abuse made against Greville Janner, the late Lord Janner of Braunstone QC. In particular, it examined the response of Leicestershire Police and the Crown Prosecution Service to those allegations.[1] It also considered the response of Leicestershire County Council, the Labour Party and other institutions to allegations of child sexual abuse.

2. At the time of Lord Janner’s death in December 2015, he was awaiting trial in respect of a number of offences involving allegations of non-recent child sexual abuse. The commencement of criminal proceedings was the culmination of a lengthy police investigation conducted by Leicestershire Police, known as Operation Enamel. Operation Enamel began in late 2012, and its remit was to investigate the allegations of sexual abuse made against Lord Janner.[2] Some allegations had been made previously against Lord Janner which had been investigated by the police. Those earlier police investigations (which included the investigations Operation Magnolia in 2000 and Operation Dauntless in 2006) resulted in no charges being brought against him.

3. Lord Janner’s death ended the criminal proceedings and therefore there have been no findings that he committed any of the acts alleged against him. Lord Janner denied the allegations and, after his death, his family consistently and repeatedly maintained his innocence.

4. The Inquiry’s investigation did not consider whether any of the allegations were true or false. Given the focus was on the institutional response to the allegations, rather than the innocence or guilt of Lord Janner, it was neither necessary nor proportionate to call any of the complainants. We have however considered their accounts. We examined how decisions were made in earlier police investigations which resulted in no charges being brought. We also considered the response of other institutions to the allegations made against Lord Janner, examining what they did in the absence of a criminal conviction or civil finding of fact that abuse had occurred. It is an important part of this Inquiry’s work to consider institutional responses in the absence of formal court findings. Indeed, statutory agencies regularly make decisions about the protection of children where there has been no formal finding and where their focus is on the welfare of the child.

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