Skip to main content

0800 917 1000   Open weekdays 9am-5pm

IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

The residential schools Investigation Report

Contents

Annex 4: Tables

Table 1: Bodies responsible for inspecting state-funded schools

The table below sets out the bodies responsible for inspecting state-funded schools in England and Wales and independent schools which were not members of the Independent Schools Council in England from 1944 to date.

Date Statutory Inspectorate: a
Education (England & Wales)
Statutory Inspectorate:
Boarding Welfare (England)
Statutory Inspectorate:
Boarding Welfare (Wales)
1944–1989 Secretary of State: Education Act 1944
1989 Local authorities:
Children Act 1989
Local authorities:
Children Act 1989
1990
1991
1992 HM Inspectorate of Schools:
Education (Schools) Act 1992

Ofsted (England)
Estyn (Wales)
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002 National Social Care Standards Commission:
Care Standards Act 2000
Care Inspectorate Wales and predecessor organisations:
Inspection of Boarding Schools and Colleges (Powers and Fees) (Wales) Regulations 2002
2003
2004 Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI):
Health and Social Care (Community Health and Standards) Act 2003
2005
2006
2007–to date Ofsted:
Education and Inspections Act 2007

a The Bridge Schools Inspectorate operated between 2008 and 2015 and the Schools Inspection Service operated between 2008 and 2019. These inspectorates operated under section 162(A) of the Education Act 2002 and inspected the educational provision of independent schools which were not part of the Independent Schools Association.

Table 2: Bodies responsible for inspecting independent schools

The table below[1] shows the bodies responsible for inspecting independent schools in England which are members of the Independent Schools Council in England (sometimes referred to as ‘association schools’) from 1944 to date.

Date Statutory Inspectorate: Education Statutory Inspectorate:
Boarding Welfare
Other (non-statutory)
1944–1989 Secretary of State: Education Act 1944
1989 Local authorities:
Children Act 1989
1990
1991
1992 HM Inspectorate of Schools:
Education (Schools) Act 1992 (Ofsted)
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999 Independent Schools Inspectorate (ISI):
Voluntary arrangement to accredit schools to membership of an association
2000
2001
2002 National Social Care Standards Commission:
Care Standards Act 2000
2003 Independent Schools Inspectorate (ISI):
Approved under Education Act 2002
2004 Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI):
Health and Social Care (Community Health and Standards) Act 2003
2005
2006
2007 Ofsted:
Education and Inspections Act 2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012–to date Independent Schools Inspectorate (ISI):
Under section 87(3A) Children Act 1989

Table 3: Bodies responsible for barring adults unsuitable to work with children in education

Period of operation Government department responsible Legislation
List 99a 1921–January 2009 Department for Educationb Regulations first issued under the Education Act 1921c
PoCA list October 2000–January 2009 Department of Health Protection of Children Act 1999
Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) January 2009–December 2012 Home Officed Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006
Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) December 2012–present Home Officee Protection of Freedoms Act 2012

a From at least 1921, the Board of Education maintained a list of teachers it had declared unsuitable to teach, although it is not clear when this list first became known as List 99. b Since 1921, the Department for Education has been known also as the Department of Education and Science, Department for Education and Skills, the Department for Education and Employment and the Department for Children, Schools and Families. c Similar regulations were issued under subsequent Education Acts, the last regulation concerning List 99 being the Education (Teachers) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 1995. d The ISA was a non-departmental public body within the responsibility of the Home Secretary. e The DBS is an executive agency of the Home Office.

Table 4: Bodies responsible for disclosure of criminal records etc

Body Period of operation Department Legislation
Police 1958–2002 Local police forces Consolidated Circular of 1958 to the Police on Crime and Kindred Matters

Rehabilitation of Offenders Act (Exceptions) Order 1975
Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) March 2002–December 2012 Home Officea Police Act 1997b
Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) December 2012–present Home Office Protection of Freedoms Act 2012

a The CRB was initially part of the Passport and Records Agency, but became an executive agency of the Home Office in its own right in September 2003. b Part V.

Table 5: Bodies responsible for teacher misconduct

Body Period of operation Department Statute
Department for Education (Teacher Misconduct Unit) Approximately
1921–2009
Department for Education Not applicable
General Teaching Council of England (GTCE)a 2000–April 2012 Department for Educationb Teaching and Higher Education Act 1998
Teaching Agency April 2012–March 2013 Executive agency of the Department for Education Education Act 2002c as amended by the Education Act 2011 and Teachers' Disciplinary (England) Regulations 2012
National College for Teaching and Leadership March 2013–April 2018 Executive agency of the Department for Education As above
Teaching Regulation Agency April 2018–present Executive agency of the Department for Education As above

a The GTCE also maintained a register of qualified teachers, and provided advice to the government on a range of policy issues. b The GTCE was a non-departmental public body within the responsibilities of the Secretary of State for Education. c Sections 141A–141E and Schedule 11A of the Education Act 2002.

References

Footnotes

  1. The Independent Schools Inspectorate set this table out at ISI001574_005
Back to top