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IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Ampleforth and Downside (English Benedictine Congregation case study) Investigation Report

Background

Ampleforth estate

Ampleforth estate

Ampleforth map

Ampleforth Governance Structure 2015

Chronology of abbots, priors and headmasters

Abbots of Ampleforth Abbey
Abbot Herbert Byrne 1939–1963
Abbot Basil Hulme 1963–1976
Abbot Ambrose Griffiths 1976–1984
Abbot Patrick Barry 1984–1997
Abbot Timothy Wright 1997–2005
Abbot Cuthbert Madden 2005–present[1]
Priors of Ampleforth Abbey
Fr Justin Pryce 1995–1997
Fr George Corrie[2] 1997–2005
Fr Colin Battell 2005–2011
Fr Terence Richardson 2011–2018
Fr Gabriel Everitt 2018–present
Headmasters of Ampleforth College
Fr Patrick Barry 1964–1979
Fr Dominic Milroy 1980–1991
Fr Leo Chamberlain 1992–2003
Fr Gabriel Everitt 2004–2014
Mr David Lambon 2014–2016
Fr Wulstan Peterburs June 2016–present
Gilling Castle Preparatory School (1930–1992/1993)
Fr Hilary Barton 1942–1965
Fr William Price 1965–1971
Fr Justin Caldwell 1971–1981
Fr Adrian Convery 1981–1987
Graham Sasse 1987–1993
Ampleforth College Junior School (1993–2001)
Fr Jeremy Sierla 1993–2000
John Hampshire 2000–2001
St Martin’s Ampleforth (2001–present)
Stephen Mullen 2001–2004
Nicholas Higham 2004–2014
Mark O’Donnell 2014–2016
Dr David Moses 2016–present

Background

1. Ampleforth Abbey in Yorkshire is an English Benedictine monastery founded in 1802.[3] The monastery presently houses approximately 60–70 monks[4] who live in a community under the care of their abbot.

2. A chronological list of abbots, priors and headmasters of Ampleforth from 1939 to the present day is at the beginning of this section. The current abbot is Abbot Cuthbert Madden, who was elected on 15 February 2005 for an eight-year renewable term and re-elected on 12 February 2013. Abbot Cuthbert Madden, although remaining abbot in name, stepped aside in August 2016,[5] due to allegations of child sexual abuse being made against him. His duties were delegated to his prior, Fr Terence Richardson. As a result, Abbot Cuthbert Madden was living away from the monastery at the time of our Inquiry hearings. We understand that the allegations have been investigated by North Yorkshire Police (NYP), who found that there was insufficient evidence, and the Salford Diocese. A further independent review concluded in March of this year. We understand that Abbot Cuthbert Madden will be returning to Ampleforth as abbot and that a prior administrator has been appointed to carry out the duties of abbot in the interim.

3. Ampleforth College is a boarding and day school situated adjacent to Ampleforth Abbey. It was established by the abbey as a boys’ school in 1803.[6] Girls were admitted into the sixth form in 2002, and St Margaret’s, a girls’ boarding house, was opened in 2004.[7] The school became fully co-educational in 2010,[8] and presently has approximately 600 pupils aged 13–19.[9] Fr Wulstan Peterburs has been the headmaster of Ampleforth College since 12 November 2016. He is also a trustee of the Ampleforth Abbey Trust (AAT) and the St Laurence Educational Trust[10] (SLET, discussed below) and a member of the abbot’s Council.[11]

4. In 1908, the monks of the abbey established a preparatory section of Ampleforth College for boys under the age of 14.[12] The monks later purchased Gilling Castle, situated approximately three miles from Ampleforth College,[13] and in 1930 the lower part of the preparatory section was moved there to form Gilling Castle Preparatory School. Pupils aged 12–13 years remained at Ampleforth College, in what became known as Junior House. The preparatory school remained split until 1974, when it was decided to give Gilling its own top two years and allow boys to stay there until they moved to Ampleforth College. At the same time, the junior house was expanded, taking pupils from the age of 11. There were therefore two separate preparatory schools for Ampleforth College, one within Gilling Castle and one within Ampleforth College.

5. In 1992, the two preparatory schools were merged to form the Ampleforth College Junior School.[14] In 2001, Ampleforth College Junior School merged with St Martin’s, a small preparatory school eight miles away in Nawton, becoming St Martin’s Ampleforth (SMA).[15] SMA is now located at Gilling Castle and is the preparatory school for Ampleforth College.[16] It is also a boarding and a day school. It currently has capacity for 177 pupils aged three to 13.[17] Dr David Moses has been the headmaster of SMA since September 2016.[18] We understand that SMA will permanently close at the end of the 2018 summer term, to be replaced by a new junior house at Ampleforth College for boarding and day pupils in years 6, 7 and 8.[19]

6. As can be seen from the map, the senior school Ampleforth College is situated within the precincts of the abbey. Although Ampleforth College and SMA are on separate sites, they share the 2,200 acres of woodland, orchards and playing fields that belong to the abbey.[20] In addition to this geographical association between schools and the abbey, monks from the abbey may serve as teachers and chaplains,[21] and may lead religious services in schools.[22] As of November 2017, the number of monastic teaching staff employed at Ampleforth College was 12 (out of 106)[23] and at SMA was five (out of 90).[24]

7. Several witnesses have referred to Ampleforth College and SMA collectively as ‘the school’. Some have referred to the abbey and schools separately or collectively simply as ‘Ampleforth’. We will adopt the same approach, but will distinguish between them where necessary, and when dealing with allegations.

References

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