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IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Children in the care of Lambeth Council Investigation Report

Contents

Annex 1: Overview of process and evidence obtained by the Inquiry

1. Definition of scope for the case study

This case study is an inquiry into the extent of any institutional failures to protect children in the care of Lambeth Council from sexual abuse and exploitation.

The scope of this investigation is:[1]

  1. 1. The Inquiry will investigate the nature and extent of, and institutional responses to, the sexual abuse of children in the care of Lambeth Council (‘the Council’), including those cared for in children’s homes, by foster carers and/or by adoptive parents. The investigation will incorporate case­-specific investigations and a review of information available from published and unpublished reports and reviews, court cases, and previous investigations.

  2. 2. In doing so, the Inquiry will consider the experiences of victims and survivors of child sexual abuse while in the care of the Council, and investigate:

  3. 2.1. the nature and extent of the sexual abuse of children in the care of the Council;

  4. 2.2. the nature and extent of the failings of the Council to protect such children from sexual abuse;

  5. 2.3. the appropriateness of the response of the Council, law enforcement agencies, prosecuting authorities, and other public authorities or statutory agencies to reports of child sexual abuse involving children cared for by the Council, and/or reports of child sexual abuse by individuals, who were employed by or contracted by the Council;

  6. 2.4. the extent to which the Council sought to investigate, learn lessons, implement changes, and provide support and reparations to victims and survivors, in response to:

    1. a. allegations that individuals with access to children cared for by the Council had sexually abused children;

    2. b. criminal investigations and prosecutions and/or civil litigation in relation to alleged abuse of children within the care of the Council;

    3. c. reports, reviews and inquiries into child sexual abuse;

    4. d. safeguarding, including but not limited to the Clough Report, the Harris Report, the Barratt Report, and the Children’s Homes in Lambeth Enquiry; and/or

    5. e. other external guidance;

  7. 2.5. the adequacy of the policies and practices adopted by the Council in relation to safeguarding and child protection, including considerations of governance, training, recruitment, leadership, reporting and investigation of child sexual abuse, disciplinary procedures, information sharing with outside agencies, and approach to reparations;

  8. 2.6. the extent to which children who were sexually abused may have had special educational needs and/or any other form of special need or vulnerability and whether that may have made them more vulnerable to sexual abuse;

  9. 2.7. the extent to which there was a culture within the Council which inhibited the proper investigation, exposure, prevention, and reparation for child sexual abuse; and

  10. 2.8. the appropriateness of the relevant inspection and regulatory regimes.

  11. 3. Specific matters to be considered within the investigations may include, but are not limited to:

  12. 3.1. a consideration of child sexual abuse which took place at Angell Road, Monkton Street, Ivy House, South Vale, and Shirley Oaks Children’s Homes;

  13. 3.2. the involvement of Michael Carroll in the sexual abuse of children in the care of the Council; his recruitment and continued employment by the Council; and the circumstances surrounding his application to foster a child and the Council’s subsequent account to the Clough Inquiry;

  14. 3.3. Steven Forrest’s involvement in the sexual abuse of children; and his recruitment and continued employment by the Council;

  15. 3.4. allegations that individuals with information about the sexual abuse of children in the care of the Council were the subject of intimidation and potentially lethal violence; and allegations that there was inappropriate interference in law enforcement investigations into the sexual abuse of children in the care of the Council.

  16. 4. In light of the investigations set out above, the Inquiry will publish a report setting out its findings, lessons learned, and recommendations to improve child protection and safeguarding in England and Wales.”

2. Core participants and legal representatives

Counsel to this investigation:

  • Rachel Langdale QC
  • Clair Dobbin
  • Clare Brown
  • Amelia Nice
  • Ruth Kennedy

Complainant core participants:

LA-A25
Solicitor Richard Scorer (Slater and Gordon)
LA-A61, LA-A103, LA-A115, LA-A154, LA-A155, LA-A156
Counsel Iain O’Donnell (1 Crown Office Row)
Solicitor Marie Forbes (Verisona Law)
LA-A99, LA-A147
Solicitor Alan Collins (Hugh James Solicitors)
LA-A131
Counsel Stephen Simblet QC (Garden Court Chambers)
Solicitor Christopher Ratcliffe (Uppal Taylor Solicitors)
LA-A24
Counsel Aswini Weereratne QC (Doughty Street Chambers)
Solicitor Peter Garsden (Simpson Millar LLP)
LA-A136, LA-A138, LA-A139, LA-A141, LA-A142, LA-A143, LA-A144, LA-A221, LA-A222
Solicitor Malcolm Johnson (Hudgell Solicitors)
LA-A7, LA-A109, LA-A181 (deceased 2020), LA-A203, Russell Specterman (formerly LA-A243), LA-A271, LA-A298, LA-A299, LA-A300, LA-A302, LA-A303, LA-A304, LA-A305, LA-A306, LA-A307, LA-A308, LA-A309, LA-A310, LA-A311, LA-A312, LA-A321, LA-A322, LA-A323, LA-A324, LA-A325, LA-A326, LA-A327, LA-A330
Counsel Susannah Johnson (7 Bedford Row)
Solicitor Amy Clowrey (Switalskis Solicitors)
LA-A184, LA-A351, LA-A352, LA-A353, LA-A354, LA-A355
Solicitor Imran Khan QC (Imran Khan & Partners Solicitors)
LA-A456
Counsel Iain O’Donnell (1 Crown Office Row)
Solicitor Charles Derham (Remedy Law)
Joan Twelves
Counsel Henry Toner QC
Solicitor Desmond Doherty
Anna Tapsell
Counsel Aswini Weereratne QC (Doughty Street Chambers)
Solicitor Peter Garsden (Simpson Millar LLP)
Richard Gargini (Retired Commander, Metropolitan Police Service)
Counsel James Berry (Serjeants’ Inn Chambers)
Solicitor Deborah Britstone (3D Solicitors)
Dr Nigel Goldie, Stephen Whaley
Counsel Chrisopher Jacobs (Landmark Chambers)
Solicitor David Enright (Howe & Co)

Institutional core participants:

Lambeth Council
Counsel Alex Verdan QC (4 Paper Buildings)
Solicitor Alison McKane (London Borough of Lambeth Legal Services)
Crown Prosecution Service
Counsel Edward Brown QC (QEB Hollis Whiteman)
Solicitor Laura Tams (Crown Prosecution Service)
Metropolitan Police Service
Counsel Samantha Leek QC (5 Essex Court)
Solicitor Sara Royan (Metropolitan Police Service Legal Services)
Secretary of State for Education
Counsel Cathryn McGahey QC (Temple Garden Chambers)
Solicitor William Barclay (Government Legal Department)
Treasury Solicitor
Independent Office for Police Conduct
Counsel Gerard Boyle QC (Serjeants’ Inn Chambers)
Solicitor
  • Katharine Grasby (IPCC)
  • Rachel Taylor (IPCC)
  • Emily Keenan (IOPC)

3. Evidence received by the Inquiry

Number of witness statements obtained:

145

Organisations and individuals to which requests for documentation or witness statements were sent:

  • A Higgs, former Lambeth Council employee
  • A J D Waring, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Alison Barraball, former Lambeth Council manager of adoption and fostering services
  • Andrew Small, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Angela Baker, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Anna Tapsell, former Lambeth Council chair of social services and Lambeth Council councillor
  • Anne Worthington, former Lambeth Council directorate of social services
  • Anthony Goss, former Southwark Council councillor
  • Arran Poyser, former Lambeth Council liaison and monitoring inspector
  • Bernadette Khan, Croydon Council councillor
  • Brenda Jones, former Lambeth Council team manager
  • Carole Howlett, commander and deputy assistant commissioner at Metropolitan Police Service
  • Christopher E M Hussell, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Claire Crawley, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Clare Whelan, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Dr Clive Driscoll, retired detective chief inspector, Metropolitan Police Service and former investigator, Lambeth Council Child Protection Team
  • Clive Walsh, former Southwark Council assistant director of social services
  • David Pope, former Lambeth Council director of social services
  • Dame Denise Platt, former chief inspector for Social Services Inspectorate
  • Dr Emily Phibbs, clinical psychologist
  • Gerallt Wynford Jones, former Lambeth Council senior personnel officer
  • Gillian Delahunty, former lecturer for social care programmes for Lambeth Community Education
  • Greta Akenepeye, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Dame Heather Rabbatts, former Lambeth Council chief executive
  • Helen Kenward, independent consultant in child protection
  • Henry Gilby, former Lambeth Council chief executive
  • Herbert Botley, officer in charge of Monkton Street
  • Lord Herbert Laming, former chief inspector for Social Services Inspectorate
  • Lord Herman Ouseley, former Lambeth Council chief executive
  • Jack Smith, former Lambeth Council employee and former chair of the Lambeth Council adoption and fostering panel
  • Jane Allison Hunter, Queen’s Counsel
  • Lady Janet Boateng, former Lambeth Council councillor and chair of the social services committee
  • Jeanne McNair, former assistant to Mary Eithne Harris, former Lambeth Council senior assistant director of financial services
  • Ramanand (Jim) Jinkhoo, former Lambeth Council employee
  • Jo Cleary, former assistant chief inspector for Social Services Inspectorate
  • Jo Hughes, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Joan Twelves, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • John Mann, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • John Stanton, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Jonathan Rogers, former Lambeth Council civil emergency planning officer
  • Dr Josephine Kwhali, former Lambeth Council assistant director for children and young people
  • Joshua Anim, former Lambeth Council employee
  • Judith Chester, former Lambeth Council team manager
  • Julie Barnes, former inspector Social Services Inspectorate
  • Kim Hollis, Queen’s Counsel
  • Linda Bellos OBE, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Linda Daley, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Mark Clarke, former Lambeth Council race relations adviser
  • Mary Eithne Harris, former Lambeth Council senior assistant director of financial services
  • Mary Griffith-Jones, former Wandsworth Council social worker manager
  • Millius Palayiwa, former Lambeth Council senior officer
  • Nicola Kingston, former Lambeth Council employee
  • Dr Nigel Goldie, former Lambeth Council assistant director of corporate strategy and quality
  • Pat Orton, former Lambeth Council area manager
  • Pat Salter, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Lord Paul Boateng, former Minister of the Crown
  • Paul Clark, former inspector, Social Services Inspectorate
  • Pauline Lawrence, former Lambeth Council senior personnel officer in the social services directorate
  • Phil Scott, former Lambeth Council principal officer, personnel and training
  • Phil Sealy, former Lambeth employee
  • Phyllis Dunipace, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Richard Clough, former general secretary to the Social Care Association
  • Richard Gargini, retired commander, Metropolitan Police Service and former senior investigating officer, Operation Middleton
  • Robin Osmond, former Lambeth Council director of social services
  • Ruth Gardner, former Lambeth Council social worker
  • Spencer Pickett, former Lambeth Council audit manager
  • Sir Stephen Bubb, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Stephen Whaley, former Lambeth Council councillor
  • Steve Ranson, former detective chief inspector, Metropolitan Police Service
  • Edward (Ted) Knight (deceased), former leader of Lambeth Council and local politician
  • Tim Yeo, former Under-Secretary of State for Health
  • Valerie Suebsaeng, former Lambeth Council team manager
  • Baroness Virginia Bottomley, former Secretary of State for Health
  • Waveney Williams, former Lambeth Council coordinator
  • Yvette Adams, former Lambeth Council directorate of social services
  • LA-A7
  • LA-A24
  • LA-A25
  • LA-A61
  • LA-A99
  • LA-A103
  • LA-A109
  • LA-A115
  • LA-A131
  • LA-A136
  • LA-A138
  • LA-A139
  • LA-A141
  • LA-A142
  • LA-A143
  • LA-A144
  • LA-A147
  • LA-A154
  • LA-A155
  • LA-A156
  • LA-A181
  • LA-A184
  • LA-A203
  • Russell Specterman
  • LA-A271
  • LA-A298
  • LA-A299
  • LA-A300
  • LA-A301
  • LA-A302
  • LA-A303
  • LA-A304
  • LA-A305
  • LA-A306
  • LA-A307
  • LA-A308
  • LA-A309
  • LA-A310
  • LA-A311
  • LA-A312
  • LA-A321
  • LA-A322
  • LA-A323
  • LA-A324
  • LA-A325
  • LA-A326
  • LA-A327
  • LA-A328
  • LA-A329
  • LA-A330
  • LA-A449
  • LA-A351
  • LA-A352
  • LA-A353
  • LA-A354
  • LA-A355
  • LA-A369
  • LA-A457
  • LA-A456
  • LA-A481
  • LA-H1
  • LA-H3
  • Care Quality Commission
  • Crown Prosecution Service
  • Croydon Council
  • Department for Education
  • Home Office
  • Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC)
  • Lambeth Council
  • London Metropolitan Archive (Comptroller and City Solicitor)
  • Merseyside Police
  • Metropolitan Police Service
  • MI5
  • Ministry of Justice
  • NHS England
  • Ofsted
  • Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health
  • Social Work England
  • Southwark Council
  • The Faculty of Forensic & Legal Medicine
  • The Havens
  • The Lighthouse
  • United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE)
  • Wandsworth Council

4. Disclosure of documents

Total number of pages disclosed: 39,276 pages

5. Public hearings including preliminary hearings

Preliminary hearings
1 24 March 2016
2 27 July 2016
3 31 October 2018
4 23 July 2019
5 15 January 2020
Public hearings
Days 1–5 29 June 2020–3 July 2020
Days 6–10 6 July 2020–10 July 2020
Days 11–15 20 July 2020–24 July 2020
Days 16–20 27 July 2020–31 July 2020

6. List of witnesses

Forename Surname Title Called/read Hearing day
LA-A323 Called 3
LA-A321 Called 3
LA-A299 Called 3
Annie Hudson Ms Called 4, 12
Anne Worthington Dr Called 4
Josephine Kwhali Dr Called 5
Bernadette Khan Ms Read 5
Millius Palayiwa Mr Called 5
Pauline Lawrence Ms Read 5
Robin Osmond Mr Called 5
Phyllis Dunipace Ms Called 5
Brenda Jones Ms Read 5
LA-A138 Called 6
LA-A327 Called 6
LA-A25 Called 6
LA-A308 Read 6
LA-A302 Read 6
LA-A222 Read 6
LA-A324 Read 6
LA-A271 Read 6
LA-A298 Read 6
LA-A221 Read 6
LA-A24 Read 6
LA-A303 Read 6
LA-A115 Read 6
LA-A355 Read 6
LA-A353 Read 6
LA-A351 Read 6
Valerie Suebsaeng Ms Called 7
Clive Walsh Mr Called 7
Richard Clough Mr Called 7
Janet Boateng Lady Called 7
Heather Rabbatts Dame Called 7
David Pope Mr Called 8
Clare Whelan Ms Called 8
Elizabeth (Anna) Tapsell Ms Called 8
Herman Ouseley Lord Called 9
David Staples Dr Called 9
Jon Rogers Mr Read 9
Nigel Goldie Dr Called 9
Gillian Delahunty Ms Called 9
Clive Driscoll Dr Called 10
Richard Gargini Mr Called 10
Gregor McGill Mr Called 10
LA-A354 Called 11
LA-A300 Called 11
LA-A307 Called 11
LA-A147 Called 11
Simon Morley Detective Inspector Called 13
Mary Harris Ms Read 13
Sara-Louise Davis Ms Called 13
Spencer Pickett Mr Read 13
Alex Murray Commander Called 14
James Bowler Mr Called 14
Herbert Botley Mr Read 14
Helen Kenward Ms Called 14
Paul Boateng Lord Called 14
Stephen Bubb Sir Called 15
Christopher Hussell Mr Called 15
Stephen Whaley Mr Called 15
Joan Twelves Ms Called 15
Jo Cleary Ms Called 16
Paul Clark Mr Called 16
Denise Platt Dame Called 16
Herbert Laming Lord Called 16
Virginia Bottomley Baroness Called 16
Tim Yeo Mr Read 16
Carolyn Adcock Ms Called 17
LA-H1 Read 17
Kamlesh Patel Lord Called 17
Robin Osmond Mr Read 17
Alison Steele Dr Called 17
Emma Harewood Ms Called 17
Edward Davie Mr Called 18
Emily Phibbs Dr Called 18
LA-A61 Called 18
LA-A449 Read 18
Russell Specterman Mr Read 18
LA-A325 Read 18
LA-A181 Read 18
LA-A481 Read 18
LA-A322 Read 18
LA-A312 Read 18
LA-A309 Read 18
LA-A326 Read 18
LA-A311 Read 18
LA-A310 Read 18
LA-A352 Read 18
LA-A306 Read 18
LA-A203 Read 18
LA-A131 Read 18
LA-A7 Read 18
LA-A103 Read 18
LA-A141 Read 18
LA-A144 Read 18
LA-A142 Read 18
LA-A156 Read 18
LA-A456 Read 18
LA-A155 Read 18
LA-A109 Read 18
LA-A457 Read 18
LA-A154 Read 18
LA-A184 Read 19
LA-A330 Read 19
LA-A304 Read 19
LA-A139 Read 19
LA-A136 Read 19
LA-A143 Read 19
LA-H3 Read 19

7. Restriction orders

On 23 March 2018, the Chair issued a restriction order under section 19 of the Inquiries Act 2005 granting anonymity to any individual designated as a complainant core participant in the Inquiry’s investigations. The order covered (i) disclosure or publication of any information that identifies or tends to identify any complainant core participant as a complainant core participant; (ii) disclosure or publication of any information with the name or address of a complainant core participant if such disclosure or publication would tend to identify him or her as a complainant core participant; (iii) disclosure or publication of any still or moving image of any complainant core participant if such disclosure or publication would tend to identify him or her as a complainant core participant.

8. Broadcasting

The Chair directed that the proceedings would be broadcast, as has occurred in respect of public hearings in other investigations. For anonymous witnesses, all that was ‘live streamed’ was the audio sound of their voice.

9. Redactions and ciphering

The material obtained for the investigation was redacted and, where appropriate, ciphers applied, in accordance with the Inquiry’s Protocol on the Redaction of Documents.[2] This meant that (in accordance with Annex A of the Protocol), absent specific consent to the contrary, the identities of complainants, victims and survivors of child sexual abuse and other children were redacted and if the Inquiry considered that their identity appeared to be sufficiently relevant to the investigation a cipher was applied. Pursuant to the Protocol, the identities of individuals convicted of child sexual abuse (including those who have accepted a police caution for offences related to child sexual abuse) were not generally redacted unless the naming of the individual would risk the identification of their victim, in which case a cipher was applied.

10. Warning letters

Rule 13 of the Inquiry Rules 2006 provides:

  1. “(1) The chairman may send a warning letter to any person –
    1. a. he considers may be, or who has been, subject to criticism in the inquiry proceedings; or
    2. b. about whom criticism may be inferred from evidence that has been given during the inquiry proceedings; or
    3. c. who may be subject to criticism in the report, or any interim report.
  2. (2) The recipient of a warning letter may disclose it to his recognised legal representative.
  3. (3) The inquiry panel must not include any explicit or significant criticism of a person in the report, or in any interim report, unless –
    1. a. the chairman has sent that person a warning letter; and
    2. b. the person has been given a reasonable opportunity to respond to the warning letter.”

In accordance with rule 13, warning letters were sent as appropriate to those who were covered by the provisions of rule 13, and the Chair and Panel considered the responses to those letters before finalising the report.

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