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IICSA published its final Report in October 2022. This website was last updated in January 2023.

IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Child sexual exploitation by organised networks investigation report


J.1: Introduction

1. The police, children’s social care, health services, education, specialist voluntary organisations and private providers all have a role in relation to preventing and responding to child sexual exploitation.[1]

2. Government guidance on child sexual exploitation in 2017 identified a number of areas for improvement in inter-agency or partnership working, including information and intelligence-sharing, common risk assessment and clarity about professional roles and thresholds for services.[2]

3. Similar issues arose during this investigation. While acknowledging that there are resource pressures across all agencies, partners should consider whether there is more they can do working together to help children at risk of, or who have experienced, sexual abuse.



  1. See, for example, Key messages from research on child sexual exploitation: Multi-agency working, Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse, March 2017, INQ005144
  2. Child sexual exploitation: Definition and a guide for practitioners, local leaders and decision makers working to protect children from child sexual exploitation, Department for Education, February 2017, HOM003340_017
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