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IICSA published its final Report in October 2022. This website was last updated in January 2023.

IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

Allegations of child sexual abuse linked to Westminster Investigation Report


Annex 1: Overview of process and evidence obtained by the Inquiry

1. Definition of scope

The Westminster investigation is an overarching inquiry into allegations of child sexual abuse and exploitation involving people of public prominence associated with Westminster.

The scope of this investigation is as follows:

1. The Inquiry will investigate allegations of child sexual abuse involving current and/or former Members of Parliament, senior civil servants, government advisors, and/or members of the intelligence agencies (collectively ‘people of public prominence associated with Westminster’), including allegations:

1.1. that people of public prominence associated with Westminster were involved in the sexual abuse of children;

1.2. that Ministers, party whips, political parties, the intelligence and/or security services, law enforcement agencies, and/or prosecuting authorities were aware of the involvement of people of public prominence associated with Westminster in the sexual abuse of children, and failed to take adequate steps to prevent any such abuse from occurring and/or took steps to prevent such abuse from being revealed;

1.3. that there was, within the highest levels of government, a culture of tolerance towards those suspected of child sexual abuse; and/or

1.4. that people of public prominence associated with Westminster were involved in a conspiracy sexually to abuse children.

2. In light of the above investigations, the Inquiry will consider:

2.1. the adequacy and propriety of law enforcement investigations into allegations falling within paragraph 1 above, including consideration of whether there is evidence of inappropriate interference in any such investigations by politicians, the intelligence agencies, and/or other individuals or bodies holding statutory power;

2.2. the media reporting of allegations falling within paragraph 1 above, including consideration of whether the current legislative framework strikes an appropriate balance between encouraging the reporting of child sexual abuse and protecting the rights of the accused; and

2.3. the adequacy of existing safeguarding and child protection policies in place within political parties, in government departments and agencies, and in the intelligence and security agencies.

3. In light of the investigations set out above, the Inquiry will publish a report setting out its findings, lessons learned, and recommendations to improve child protection and safeguarding in England and Wales.[1]

2. Core participants and legal representatives

Counsel to this investigation:

  • Brian Altman QC
  • Andrew O’Connor QC
  • Kate Beattie
  • Alasdair Henderson
  • Katie O’Byrne

Complainant core participants:

RO-A1, RO-A2, RO-A4, RO-A5, RO-A6, RO-A7, RO-A8
Solicitor Richard Scorer and Kim Harrison (Slater & Gordon)


Independent core participants:

Timothy Hulbert
Counsel Sam Stein QC
Solicitor David Enright (Howe & Co)
Esther Baker
Counsel Jonathan Price
Solicitor Peter Garsden (Simpson Millar)
Harvey Proctor
Counsel Geoffrey Robertson QC and Adam Wagner
Solicitor Mark Stephens CBE (Howard Kennedy)


Institutional core participants:

Crown Prosecution Service
Counsel Zoe Johnson QC
Solicitor Laura Tams (Crown Prosecution Service Inquiries Team)
Independent Office for Police Conduct
Counsel Lorna Skinner
Solicitor Rachel Taylor (Senior Lawyer, Independent Office for Police Conduct)
Home Office
Counsel Nick Griffin QC and Amelia Walker
Solicitor Daniel Rapport (Government Legal Department for the Treasury Solicitor)
Labour Party
Counsel Eleanor Grey QC
Solicitor Gerald Shamash (Steel and Shamash Solicitors, now Edwards Duthie Shamash)
Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis
Counsel Samantha Leek QC and Jonathan Dixey
Solicitor Metropolitan Police Service’s Directorate of Legal Services
Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police
Counsel Anne Studd QC
Solicitor Susan Dauncey (Force Solicitor of Wiltshire Police)


3. Evidence received by the Inquiry

Number of witness statements obtained:
Organisations and individuals to which requests for documentation or witness statements were sent:
Adam Richardson, United Kingdom Independence Party
Reverend Alan Francis Davies, former Principal within the Home Office Voluntary Services Unit
Alan Mabbutt OBE, the Conservative Party
Detective Inspector Alastair Pocock, Metropolitan Police Service
Alice Hurrell, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy
Andrew Surplice, retired Inspector with the Metropolitan Police Service
Anthony Daly, complainant witness
Baron Foster of Bishop Auckland PC DL
Baron Renton of Mount Harry PC
Baron Young of Cookham CH PC
Baroness Brinton, Liberal Democrats
Baroness Manningham-Buller LG DCB, former Director General of the Security Services
Baroness Taylor of Bolton
Barry Strevens, retired Detective Chief Inspector and former Personal Protection Officer to Baroness Thatcher LG OM DStJ PC FRS HonFRSC
Bradley Finn, civil servant (secretariat to the Independent Review conducted by Messrs Wanless and Whittam QC)
Bryan Collins, retired officer with the Metropolitan Police Service
Carmel Vega, Attorney General’s Office
Caroline Rowe, Home Office
Commander Catherine Roper, Metropolitan Police Service
Catherine Vaughan, Department for International Trade
Charu Gorasia, Home Office
Christine Hewitt, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Christine Russell, former Member of Parliament
Christopher Horne, former Conservative councillor
Christopher Mahaffey, Independent Office for Police Conduct
Claire McCarthy, General Secretary of the Co-operative Party
Clare Moriarty, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs
Clive Blackford, former police officer
Corey Stoughton, Liberty
David Ford Campbell-Chalmers
Sir David Trippier, former Member of Parliament
David Williams, Department of Health & Social Care
David Wilson, former editor of the Surrey Comet
Detective Chief Superintendent Denise Worth, Cheshire Constabulary
Des Wilson, former politician
Dominic Carman, former politician
Don Hale, journalist
Edwina Currie Jones, former politician
Frances Mowatt, former agent to Peter Morrison MP
Gareth Clubb, Plaid Cymru
Detective Superintendent Gary Richardson, British Transport Police
Brigadier Geoffrey Dodds OBE, Secretary of the Defence and Security Advisory Committee (DSMA)
Geth Williams, Office of the Secretary of State for Wales
Gillian McGregor, Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland
Chief Inspector Glen Lloyd, Operation Winter Key, Metropolitan Police Service
Glyn Williams, Home Office
Grahame Nicholls, former Secretary of the Chester Trades Union Council
Gregor McGill, Director of Legal Services, Crown Prosecution Service
Gyles Brandreth, former politician
Helen MacNamara, Cabinet Office
Hilton Tims, former journalist
Howard Groves, former Detective Chief Inspector with the Metropolitan Police Service
Ian Hodgkinson, Royal Voluntary Service
Ian Lucas, former Member of Parliament
Ian McNicol, Labour Party
Jane Lee, former Secretary of the Gresford and Rossett branch of the Labour Party
Jennie Formby, Labour Party
Jennifer Hutton, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Jeremy Naunton, former senior lawyer in the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (now the Crown Prosecution Service)
Jessica Bailey, former employee of the Liberal Democrat Party
John Beggs, Ulster Unionist Party
John Mann MP
John Moore, Ulster Unionist Party
Sir Jonathan Stephens KBE, Cabinet Office
Detective Sergeant Julie Gallagher, Northamptonshire Police
Katy Willison, Department for Education
Keith Mitchell and Jeremy Clarke CBE, Trustees of the Albany Trust
Kenneth Clarke CH QC MP
Kirsten Oswald, Scottish National Party
Leo Adamson, former member of PIE
Liz Reason, Green Party
London School of Economics and Political Sciences (Archives and Special Collections)
Lord Alton of Liverpool
Lord Arbuthnot of Erdom
Lord Armstrong of Ilminster GCB CVO
Lord Beith
Lord Goodlad KCMG
Lord Hamilton of Epsom
Lord Jopling DL
Lord Newby OBE, Liberal Democrats
Lord Ryder of Wensum OBE
Lord Steel of Aikwood KT KBE PC
Lord Taverne QC
Lord Tebbit CH
Lord Wakeham DL
Malcolm Sinclair, former police officer with the Metropolitan Police Service
Mark Byers, Northern Ireland Office
Martyn Smith, Ulster Unionist Party
Matt Browne, Green Party
Mervyn Thomas, Cabinet Office
Michael Box, former Head of the Secretariat to the Independent Review conducted by Messrs Wanless and Whittam QC
Michael Meadowcroft, former Member of Parliament
Michelle Crotty, Attorney General’s Office
Mike Nesbitt, Ulster Unionist Party
Sir Murdo Maclean, former Private Secretary to the government chief whip
Naomi Ryan, Attorney General’s Office
Commander Neil Jerome, Metropolitan Police Service
Neil Taylor, Office of the Advocate for Scotland
Neil Wooding, Ministry of Justice
Nicholas Brown MP
Nick Joyce, Department for Transport
Operation Hydrant: All police branches
Operation Hydrant: Special Branch police units
Patricia Green, former Liberal Party activist
Paul Connew, former police officer with the Metropolitan Police Service
Paul Foulston, former police officer with the Metropolitan Police Service
Paul Holmes, former police officer with the Metropolitan Police Service
Paul Settle, retired Detective Chief Inspector with the Metropolitan Police Service
Peter Batey, former Private Secretary to Sir Edward Heath
Peter Jones, Foreign & Commonwealth Office
Peter McKelvie, retired social worker
Peter Schofield, Department for Work & Pensions
Peter Taylor, Department for International Development
Peter Wanless and Richard Whittam QC, independent reviewers of two Home Office commissioned reviews held in connection with child abuse from 1979 to 1999
Philip Rycroft, Department for Exiting the European Union
Lieutenant General Richard Edward Nugee, Ministry of Defence
Detective Superintendent Richard Fewkes, National Coordinator, Operation Hydrant
Richard Mallender, Green Party
Robert Glen, retired Superintendent with the Metropolitan Police Service
Robert Montagu, complainant witness
Roger Smethurst, Cabinet Office
Ruth Appleton, Her Majesty’s Treasury
Secret Intelligence Service
Sheridan Whalley, Department for Education
Simon Danczuk, former Member of Parliament
Social Democratic and Labour Party
Stephen Aiken OBE, Ulster Unionist Party
Detective Superintendent Stephen Kirby, Wiltshire Police
Dame Sue Owen, Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport
Susan Hogg, former diary secretary to Peter Morrison MP
Susan Simpson, retired Inspector with the Metropolitan Police Service
Lady Sylvia Hermon MP
Timothy Hulbert, core participant
Timothy Johnston, Chief Executive of the Democratic Unionist Party
Tom O’Carroll, former Chairman of PIE
Detective Chief Inspector Tony Hopkins, Northamptonshire Police
William Ross, Ulster Unionist Party
WM-A120, complainant witness


4. Disclosure of documents

Total number of pages disclosed: 19,399


5. Public hearings including preliminary hearings

Preliminary hearings
1 31 January 2018
2 20 October 2018
Public hearings
Days 1–5 4 March to 8 March 2019
Days 6–10 11 March to 15 March 2019
Days 11–15 25 March to 29 March 2019


6. List of witnesses

Surname Forename Title Called, read, adduced or published Hearing day
Mahaffey Christopher Mr Called 1, 2, 4, 5, 12
Roper Catherine Commander Called 1, 2, 5, 12
Taverne Dick Lord Called 2
Tebbit Norman Lord Adduced 2
Daly Anthony Mr Adduced 2
Groves Howard Mr Called 3
Surplice Andrew Mr Called 3
Glen Robert Mr Called 3
Foulston Paul Mr Called 3
Simpson Susan Ms Adduced 3
Kirby Steve Detective Superintendent Called 4
Sinclair Malcolm Mr Called 4
Holmes Paul Mr Called 4
Jerome Neil Commander Called 4
Settle Paul Mr Adduced 4, 12
Hale Don Mr Called 5
Dodds Geoffrey Brigadier Called 5
O’Carroll Thomas Mr Adduced 5
Lucas Ian Mr Adduced 5, 15
Green Patricia Ms Adduced 5
Richardson Gary Detective Superintendent Adduced 5
Mowatt Frances Ms Called 6
Nicholls Grahame Mr Called 6
Lee Jane Ms Called 6
Russell Christine Ms Called 6
MI5 Witness Called 6
Worth Denise Deputy Chief Superintendent Adduced 6
Pocock Alastair Detective Inspector Adduced 6
Currie Jones Edwina Ms Adduced 6
Hogg Susan Ms Called 7
Manningham-Buller Eliza Baroness Called 7
Armstrong Robert Lord Called 7
Brandreth Gyles Mr Called 7
Connew Paul Mr Adduced 7
Strevens Barry Mr Adduced 7
Hamilton Archibald Lord Adduced 7
Brinton Sarah Baroness Called 8
Wilson Des Mr Called 8
Steel David Lord Called 8
Carman Dominic Mr Adduced 8
Alton David Lord Adduced 8
Reason Liz Ms Called 9
MacNamara Helen Ms Called 9
Browne Matt Mr Adduced 9
Clarke Kenneth Mr Called 10
Jopling Thomas Lord Called 10
Arbuthnot James Lord Called 10
Brown Nicholas Mr Called 10
Maclean Murdo Sir Called 10
Young George Lord Adduced 10
Beith Alan Lord Adduced 10
Foster Derek Lord Adduced 10
Goodlad Alastair Lord Adduced 10
Ryder Richard Lord Adduced 10
Taylor Ann Baroness Adduced 10
Wakeham John Lord Adduced 10
Box Michael Mr Called 11
Hulbert Timothy Mr Called 11
Davies Alan Reverend Adduced 11
Stoughton Corey Ms Adduced 11
Vega Carmel Ms Adduced 11
Fewkes Richard Detective Superintendent Adduced 11
Hodgkinson Ian Mr Adduced 11
Wanless Peter Mr Adduced 11
Whittam Richard Mr Adduced 11
Clarke Jeremy Mr Called 12
Thoburn June Professor Called 12
SIS Witness Called 12
Montagu Robert Mr Called 13
Collins Bryan Mr Called 13
Naunton Jeremy Mr Called 13
McGill Gregor Mr Called 13
Danczuk Simon Mr Adduced 13
McKelvie Peter Mr Adduced 13
Gallagher Julie Detective Sergeant Adduced 13
Hopkins Tony Detective Chief Inspector Adduced 13
Horne Christopher Mr Adduced 15
Trippier David Sir Adduced 15
Batey Peter Mr Adduced 15
GCHQ Published N/A
Stephens Jonathan Sir Published N/A
WM-A120 Published N/A


7. Restriction orders

On 23 March 2018, the Chair issued an updated restriction order under section 19(2)(b) of the Inquiries Act 2005, granting general anonymity to all core participants who allege they are the victim and survivor of sexual offences (referred to as ‘complainant core participants’). The order prohibited:

  1. the disclosure or publication of any information that identifies, names or gives the address of a complainant who is a core participant; and
  2. the disclosure or publication of any still or moving image of a complainant core participant.

This order meant that any complainant core participant within this investigation was granted anonymity, unless they did not wish to remain anonymous. That order was amended on 23 March 2018, but only to vary the circumstances in which a complainant core participant may themselves disclose their own core participant status.[2]

On 4 February 2019, the Chair issued a restriction order under section 19 of the Inquiries Act 2005 to prohibit the disclosure or publication of certain information contained within MI5’s Child and Vulnerable Adult Protection Policy, which is exhibited to the statement of the MI5 witness.[3]

On 8 February 2019, the Chair issued a restriction order under section 19 of the Inquiries Act 2005 to prohibit the disclosure or publication of the identity of the MI5, SIS and GCHQ officers who had provided written evidence to the Inquiry and gave evidence at the public hearings in connection with this investigation and who were referred to during the course of evidence adduced during the Inquiry’s proceedings.[4]

On 4 March 2019, the Chair issued a restriction order under section 19 of the Inquiries Act 2005 to prohibit the disclosure or publication of information which is capable of identifying WM-A9 as specified at paragraph 2(a) of the Order.[5]

On 5 March 2019, the Chair issued a restriction order under section 19 of the Inquiries Act 2005 to prohibit the disclosure or publication of the name of any individual whose identity has been redacted or ciphered by the Inquiry, and any information redacted as irrelevant and sensitive, in connection with this investigation and referred to during the course of evidence adduced during the Inquiry’s proceedings.[6]

8. Broadcasting

The Chair directed that the proceedings would be broadcast, as has occurred in respect of public hearings in other investigations.

9. Redactions and ciphering

The material obtained for this phase of the investigation was redacted and, where appropriate, ciphers were applied, in accordance with the Inquiry’s Protocol on the Redaction of Documents (the Protocol).[7] This meant that (in accordance with Annex A of the Protocol), for example, absent specific consent to the contrary, the identities of complainants and victims and survivors of child sexual abuse and other children were redacted; and if the Inquiry considered that their identity appeared to be sufficiently relevant to the investigation, a cipher was applied.

Pursuant to the Protocol, the identities of individuals convicted of child sexual abuse (including those who have accepted a police caution for offences related to child sexual abuse)­ were not generally redacted unless the naming of the individual would risk the identification of their victim, in which case a cipher would be applied.

The Protocol also addresses the position in respect of individuals accused, but not convicted, of child sexual or other physical abuse against a child, and provides that their identities should be redacted and a cipher applied. However, where the allegations against an individual are so widely known that redaction would serve no meaningful purpose (for example where the individual’s name has been published in the regulated media in connection with allegations of abuse), the Protocol provides that the Inquiry may decide not to redact their identity.

Finally, the Protocol recognises that, while the Inquiry will not distinguish as a matter of course between individuals who are known or believed to be deceased and those who are or are believed to be alive, the Inquiry may take the fact that an individual is deceased into account when considering whether or not to apply redactions in a particular instance.

The Protocol anticipates that it may be necessary for core participants to be aware of the identity of individuals whose identity has been redacted and in respect of whom a cipher has been applied, if the same is relevant to their interest in the investigation.

10. Warning letters

Rule 13 of the Inquiry Rules 2006 provides:

(1) The chairman may send a warning letter to any person –

a. he considers may be, or who has been, subject to criticism in the inquiry proceedings; or

b. about whom criticism may be inferred from evidence that has been given during the inquiry proceedings; or

c. who may be subject to criticism in the report, or any interim report.

(2) The recipient of a warning letter may disclose it to his recognised legal representative.

(3) The inquiry panel must not include any explicit or significant criticism of a person in the report, or in any interim report, unless –

a. the chairman has sent that person a warning letter; and

b. the person has been given a reasonable opportunity to respond to the warning letter.

In accordance with rule 13, warning letters were sent as appropriate to those who were covered by the provisions of rule 13, and the Chair and Panel considered the responses to those letters before finalising the report.

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