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IICSA published its final Report in October 2022. This website was last updated in January 2023.

IICSA Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse

The residential schools investigation report


H.1: Introduction

1. Inspection is a key part of the safeguarding framework in schools, with all registered schools being subject to it. This Part of the report focusses on inspection and enforcement in England based on the 12 schools considered in this investigation and evidence provided by the institutions involved in safeguarding in England. Inspection and enforcement in Wales is considered in Part J.

2. In England, the Department for Education regulates all schools and can take enforcement action when there are serious safeguarding concerns. The Charity Commission also has an enforcement role in relation to schools which are also registered charities. The Charity Commission’s role is focussed on the conduct of charity trustees and the steps they take to protect a charity and its beneficiaries.[1]


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