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IICSA published its final Report in October 2022. This website was last updated in January 2023.

Institutions research

We wanted to learn more about child sexual abuse in different institutional contexts, where sexual abuse was perpetrated in the physical location of the institution and/or by someone connected to that institution. Institutional contexts that our research focused on include:

Custodial contexts

Establishments in operation for children and young people in the youth justice system in England and Wales, both in the past and currently.


Healthcare contexts include the organisations and the professionals who perpetrated the child sexual abuse. This includes hospitals, psychiatric institutions, clinics and general practitioner surgeries (GP) practices. Healthcare professionals comprise doctors (including psychiatrists and GPs), nurses and other staff members in healthcare organisations.


Environments and situations where children and young people take part in organised sports activities and the perpetrator works or volunteers there.

Children's Homes and Residential Care

Institutions with a primary purpose of providing residential care to children, including children’s homes, secure children’s homes, or accommodation for care leavers under the age of 18.


Online-facilitated CSA includes online grooming and receiving sexual requests, being exposed to pornography, some sexting activities, online-facilitated child sexual exploitation

Religious contexts

Religious institutions are churches, temples, mosques and other places of worship, for the purpose of supporting and managing the practices of particular religious beliefs.


Schools refer to child sexual abuse that occurred in schools or colleges, or was perpetrated by a member of staff who worked in them, or other students; including special schools, state and independent institutions, residential schools and colleges; staff include teachers, headteachers and support staff such as administrators or caretakers and cooks.

Further research areas

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